The Effect of Incisional Negative Pressure Therapy on Wound Complications After Acetabular Fracture Surgery

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The purpose of the study was to determine if the use of incisional negative pressure therapy affected the rate of wound complications after acetabular fracture surgery. Between August 1996 to April 2005, 301 patients were found to have had an operatively treated acetabular fracture. There were 235 patients who had placement of incisional vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) who had three (1.27%) deep wound infections and one (0.426%) wound dehiscence. There were 66 consecutive patients who were available in the 5 years preceding the usage of the incisional VAC who had four (6.06%) deep wound infections and two (3.03%) wound dehiscences. This is less than the published infection rate of 4% for patients undergoing operative treatment of acetabular fractures and less than the authors’ rate of 6.15% in the time period before the use of the incisional negative pressure wound therapy (p D .0414). The use of incisional negative pressure wound therapy significantly decreases perioperative wound complications after acetabular fracture surgery. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 19(2):91–97, 2010)

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Robert N. Reddix, Jr., MD, Xiaoyan ‘‘Iris’’ Leng, PhD, James Woodall, MD, PhD,
Benjamin Jackson, BS, Barnaby Dedmond, MD, and Lawrence X. Webb, MD

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