Acute Lumbosacral Plexopathy From Gluteal Compartment Syndrome After Drug Abuse: A Case Report


Acute lumbosacral plexus injury from gluteal compartment syndrome is extremely rare. Physicians should be aware of this diagnosis when examining patients with altered mental status, prolonged immobilization, and gluteal muscle compression. This case report presents a patient with acute complete left lumbosacral plexus paralysis and acute renal failure after gluteal compartment syndrome secondary to prolonged immobilization from drug abuse. Clinical examination, imaging of the pelvis, renal function, creatine phosphokinase, and urine myoglobin were indicative of gluteal compartment syndrome and rhabdomyolysis. Electrodiagnostic studies showed complete limb paralysis. Medical treatment and rehabilitation was administered. Renal function recovered within the 1st week; function at the proximal muscles of the left lower limb improved within 6 months, with mild discomfort on sitting at the buttock, foot drop, and sensory deficits at the leg and dorsum of foot. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 22(2):168–172, 2013)

SKU: JSOA-2013-22-2-SU13 Categories: , Tags: , , ,

Evanthia A. Mitsiokapa, MD; Andreas F. Mavrogenis, MD; Andromachi Salacha, MD;
and George Tzanos, MD