Management of Femoral Defects Greater Than 5 cm Following Open Femur Fractures: A 12-Year Retrospective Review


This study sought to evaluate the outcomes of patients with osseous defects exceeding 5 cm following open femur fractures. Size of the osseous defect, method of internal fixation (plate vs. intramedullary nail), patient demographics, medical comorbidities, and surgical complications were collected. Twentyseven of the 832 open femur fracture patients had osseous defects exceeding 5 cm. Mean osseous defect size was 8 cm, and each patient had an average of four operations including initial debridement. Average time from injury to bone grafting was 123.7 days. The overall complication rate was 48.1% (n = 13). The most common complications were infection (26.0%, n = 7) and nonunion (41.0%, n = 11). Smoking, diabetes, ASA score, and defect size did not independently increase the risk of a complication. Management of open femur fractures with osseous defects greater than 5 cm is associated with high complication rate, driven primarily by infection and nonunion. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 27(3):203–208, 2018)
Key words: large femoral defect, postoperative complication, risk factors

SKU: JSOA-2018-27-3-F5 Categories: , Tags: , ,

Basem Attum, MD; Diana G. Douleh, BS; Paul S. Whiting, MD; Ashley C. Dodd, BS; Michelle S. Shen, BA; Nikita Lakomkin, BSc; William T. Obremskey, MD,
MPH, MMHC; and Manish K. Sethi, MD