Risk of Opioid-Related Adverse Events After Primary and Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty


Postoperative analgesia after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and revision knee arthroplasty (RKA) can be reliant on the use of opioids and may lead to opioid-related adverse events (ORAEs). This study evaluated the risk of ORAEs following TKA and RKA using the 5% Medicare claims (2010–2013) database. There were 41,702 TKA and 3817 RKA patients who met the inclusion criteria. At 90 days, respiratory complications were the most common complication (TKA: 6.12%; RKA: 8.01%), followed by postoperative nausea and vomiting (TKA: 2.86%; RKA: 3.95%), and urinary retention complications (TKA: 2.79%; RKA: 3.20%). For TKA, risk factors for respiratory complications included older age, lower socioeconomic status, more comorbidities, obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, white race, and patients in the Midwest and West (vs. South) (p 002). The average Medicare payment for treating complications within 90 days of a TKA was $6206 and $6222 following RKA. Awareness risks for ORAEs in select patients can assist in developing a multimodal postoperative pain control and patient education protocols.. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 27(2):148–154, 2018)
Key words: adverse event, opioid, pain, revision knee arthroplasty, total knee arthroplasty

SKU: JSOA-2018-27-2-S12 Categories: , Tags: , , , ,

Jeff Gonzales, MD, MA; Scott T. Lovald, PhD; Edmund C. Lau, MS; and Kevin L. Ong, PhD