Opioid Prescribing in the Pediatric Orthopaedic Trauma Population


The purpose of this article is to describe opioid prescribing patterns for children with orthopaedic injuries. A retrospective chart review was conducted on pediatric orthopaedic trauma patients (n = 124) who were discharged from the hospital or emergency department or had a clinic visit during a 1-month period. Patient demographics, prescription specifics, injury details, and fracture fixation information were collected. Results show that most children received opioids after injury (82.3%). While children undergoing operative fixation typically received opioids, only 39.5% with closed reduction did. Hydrocodone–acetaminophen accounted for 93% of prescriptions, but adolescents were more likely to receive other drugs. There was a significant trend of increasing daily dosage with increased age; 36.73% of adolescents received > 50 morphine milligram equivalents per day. Children with orthopaedic injuries are typically prescribed opioids; older children more commonly receive higher dosages. Further study is needed to define prescribing trends across facility and specialty types to aid in development of standardized prescribing guidelines. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 27(4):269–273, 2018)
Key words: opioids, orthopaedic trauma, pain, pediatrics

SKU: JSOA-2018-27-4-W3 Categories: , Tags: , , ,

Robert T. Simril III, BS; Brian P. Scannell, MD; Meghan K. Wally, MSPH; Michael H. LeFlore, BS; Rachel B. Seymour, PhD; Joseph R. Hsu, MD; and the PRIMUM Group