Trends and Characteristics of Highly Cited Articles in Proximal Humerus Fracture Research


As the treatment of proximal humerus fractures remains controversial in the literature, this study aims to identify highly cited articles and examine trends and characteristics. Scopus was used to identify the highest cited articles of proximal humerus fracture research. SPSS 23 was used for descriptive statistics and Pearson correlations for the relationship between citation count and density. Average citation count was 233 ± 164 with an annual citation density of 14 ± 7. Total citation count was associated with total citation density, 5-year citation count, and 5-year citation density. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery–American produced the most articles with 15 (30%). Thirty-five articles originated in Europe. The five most represented authors published three articles each. Finally, 13 (26%) papers appear in the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Curriculum Guide. This study compiles a collection of articles investigating proximal humerus fractures for future review and demonstrates citation count to be an acceptable measure of an article’s contemporary academic influence. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 28(3):180–188, 2019) Key words: ASES Curriculum Guide, citation count, citation density, proximal humerus fracture

Colin K. Cantrell, MD; Zachary A. Mosher, MD; Michael A. Ewing, MD; Samuel R. Huntley, MD; Martim C. Pinto, MD2; Brent A. Ponce, MD; and Eugene W. Brabston III, MD