Preoperative Smoking Cessation as a Durable Form of Long-Term Smoking Cessation

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Smokers who undergo total joint arthroplasty (TJA) face increased rates of medical and surgical complications that can be reduced by preoperative smoking cessation. We investigated the long-term durability of preoperative smoking cessation among TJA patients. Twenty-seven TJA patients who were identifi ed as having an active history of smoking at the preoperative appointment before TJA consented to telephone survey about their perioperative and current smoking status. Average time from operation to survey was 3.7 years. Of the 27 patients, 21 (77.8%) were identifi ed as having quit smoking prior to surgery. Of these 21 patients, 10 (47.6%) self-reported continued abstinence from smoking at the time of survey. Our cessation rate was signifi cantly lower than reported long-term smoking cessation rates with standard therapies (p < 0.001). Our results suggest that preoperative counseling and a requirement for smoking-cessation prior to elective TJA may have long-term durability that exceeds that of popular reported methods. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 29(2):103–105, 2020) Keywords: smoking cessation, total joint arthroplasty, quality improvement, hip, knee

SKU: JSOA-2020-29-2-S7 Categories: , Tags: , , , ,

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Jacob C. Balmer, BS; Ashley B. Anderson, MD; William R. Barfield, PhD; Vincent D. Pellegrini, MD; and Harry A. Demos, MD

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