Prospective Randomized Study Evaluating the Effects of Preoperative Opioid Counseling on Postoperative Opioid Use After Outpatient Lower Extremity Orthopaedic Surgery

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The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of standardized preoperative opioid counseling on postoperative opioid consumption for patients undergoing outpatient lower extremity orthopaedic surgery. Participating patients undergoing elective outpatient lower extremity orthopaedic surgery were randomized to either receive preoperative opioid counseling or not receive counseling (control group). Counseling was delivered via a five-minute pre-recorded standardized video preoperatively. Postoperatively, patients in both groups were queried for their postoperative pain experience, opioid consumption, non-opioid medication consumption, and any adverse effects related to their pain management experience. A total of 107 patients were studied, with 45 in the counseling group and 62 in the control group. Patients that received preoperative opioid counseling consumed on average 6.5 opioid pills postoperatively; the control group consumed 12.4 opioid pills (p = 0.008). Preoperative opioid counseling resulted in a statistically significant reduction in postoperative opioid consumption after outpatient lower extremity orthopaedic surgery. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 30(1):002–006, 2021)

Key words: opioid, narcotics, counseling

SKU: JSOA-2020-30-1-FA01 Categories: , Tags: , ,

Description

Taylor Paskey; Sage Vincent; Elizabeth Critchlow; Erica Mann; Talia Chapman, MD; Christopher Aland, MD; Christopher Dodson, MD; William Emper, MD; Kevin B. Freedman, MD; David Pedowitz, MD; and Asif M. Ilyas, MD

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