Grit Score is Predictive of Increased Risk for Opioid Prescription Refill Following Primary Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair


The grit score is used to measure passion and perseverance for long-term goals. We hypothesized that higher grit scores would predict improved 90-day outcomes and reduced opioid requirements after primary arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR). Included were 103 patients. The median grit score was 3.9 (2.2-5.0). There was no statistically significant association between grit and morphine milligram equivalents prescribed or patient-reported pain control. Higher grit score was associated with a significant reduction in opioid prescription refill at 6 weeks, though this association was not seen at 2 or 12 weeks. The odds of requiring opioid medication 6 weeks after RCR increased 3.5 times per each 1.0 unit decrease in grit score. Patients with higher levels of grit, especially a score over 4.0, have a less difficult postoperative course after RCR. The grit score may help identify patients who are at increased risk for prolonged opioid use after RCR. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 32(3):177–181, 2023)

Key words: Grit Scale, rotator cuff repair, personality, outcomes, pain, opioid, narcotic use

SKU: JSOA-2023-32-3-6 Categories: , Tags: , , , , , ,

Anthony J. Marois, MD; Adam Achecar, BS; Frederick M. Azar, MD; David L. Bernholt, MD; Tyler J. Brolin, MD; and Thomas W. Throckmorton, MD