Outcomes Following Intramedullary Nailing of Select Periarticular Distal Tibia Fractures


Intramedullary nailing (IMN) of periarticular distal tibia fractures may offer advantages compared to plating. This study aims to report on the outcomes of select periarticular distal tibia fractures treated with IMN. Patients over 17 years of age that underwent IMN for extraarticular distal tibia fractures (Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopaedic Trauma Association [AO/OTA] 43-A), partial articular with associated segmental shaft component (43-B), and simple intraarticular (43-C1/2) at a Level I Trauma Center were included. The primary outcome was physical function (PF) and pain interference (PI) assessed via Patient- Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS). Secondary outcomes included reoperation, nonunion, infection, and malalignment. Eighty-four patients with > 12 months follow up were included. Mean PROMIS PI and PF scores were 55.5 and 45.0, respectively. The rate of nonunion and deep infection each were 8%. Eighty-four percent of patients achieved normal alignment. There were no differences detected in clinical outcomes between patients with intraarticular injuries compared with those with extraarticular fractures. Satisfactory clinical, radiographic, and patient-reported outcomes can be expected following treatment of extraarticular and simple intraarticular distal tibia fractures with IMN. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 32(4):246-251, 2023)

Key words: fracture, distal tibia, intramedullary nail, PROMIS, AO/OTA 43C

SKU: JSOA-2023-32-4-4 Categories: , Tags: , , , ,

Anokha A. Padubidri, MD; Anthony T. Sorkin, MD; Andrew Gudeman, MD; Roman M. Natoli, MD, PhD; and Greg E. Gaski, MD