Patient-Related Risk Factors Predict Outcomes After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair


The objective of this study was to determine if preoperative patient characteristics have an effect on pain and function after primary arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Seventy-five arthroscopic primary rotator cuff repairs with at least 2 years of follow-up were identified. Studied variables were preoperative tobacco, opioid, and alcohol use; obesity; mood disorders; disability claim; and Workers’ Compensation status. Outcome measures included visual analog pain scores, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores, Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE) scores, range of motion, and strength. Preoperative smoking was significantly associated with worse pain (p = 0.009), ASES (p = 0.004), and SANE (p = 0.011) scores. Opioid use showed no statistically significant difference in pain or functional scores. Alcohol use did predict improved ASES scores at long-term follow-up (p = 0.046). The other variables were not associated with inferior outcomes. Smoking and preoperative opioid use represent modifiable risk factors that can be corrected before surgery to optimize outcomes. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 33(1):005-009, 2024)

Key words: rotator cuff repair, outcomes, preoperative risk factors, pain score, tobacco use

SKU: JSOA-2023-33-1-PA-1 Categories: , Tags: , , , ,

Joseph Cline, MD; Dmitri Falkner, BS; Tyler Brolin, MD; Richard Smith, PhD; Frederick Azar, MD; and Thomas Throckmorton, MD