Proximal Femur Guided Growth: A Systematic Review


Children with cerebral palsy (CP) and those with avascular necosis (AVN) after treatment of developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) are at risk of developing coxa valga. Proximal femur guided growth is a minimally invasive option to correct this deformity. A systematic review of articles that described treatment of coxa valga with proximal femur guided growth (PFGG) and reporting on primary radiographic outcomes, demographic variables, surgical variables and complications. One hundred and seventy-nine hips underwent PFGG (117 with CP and 62 with lateral overgrowth). Average age at surgery was 8.1 years; average follow-up was 52.5 months. Migration percentage improved from 11.2% (p < 0.0001). Neck-shaft angle improved by 11.9° (p < 0.0001). The most common complication was screw growth out of the physis (30% of cases). PFGG can correct coxa valga, improve radiographic parameters, and in children with CP prevent further subluxation. This technique modulates proximal femur growth, induces changes to the acetabulum and can correct valgus deformity. Evidence Level III. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 32(4):049-052, 2024) Key words: coxa valga, guided growth, neuromuscular hip dysplasia, pediatrics, epiphysiodesis

SKU: JSOA-2023-33-1-PA-10 Categories: , Tags: , , , ,

Joshua C. Tadlock, MD; Michael D. Eckhoff, MD; Hunter R. Graver, MD; Tyler H. Doty, BS; Tyler C. Nicholson, MD; and EStephan J. Garcia, MD