Chronic Osteomyelitis of the Tibia: Treatment With Hyperbaric Oxygen and Autogenous Microsurgical Muscle Transplantation


ABSTRACT: To establish the success rate of combined therapy for tibial osteomyelitis, we  reviewed all cases of this infection treated with surgery, antibiotics, and hyperbaric oxygen  (HBO) between 1974 and 1991 at Duke University Medical Center. The median delay from  diagnosis of osteomyelitis to initiation of HBO was 12.5 months (range, 1 month to 684  months). Of 34 patients in whom follow- up data were complete, 27 (79%) were male and 7  (21%) female, with a mean age of 37.9 years (range, 20 years to 77 years). Patients received an average of 8.3 surgical procedures (range, 2 to 19) and 35 HBO treatments (range, 6 to 99).  Twenty patients (59%) received free vascularized muscle flaps as part of therapy. Actuarial  analysis was  used to examine the effect of free vascularized flap  procedures. Of 26 patients  with 24 months of follow- up after treatment, 21 (81%) remained  drainage free. At 60 months and 84 months after treatment, 12 of 15 (80%) and 5 of 8 (63%), respectively, were drainage  free. After more than 84 months, patients who had received muscle flaps were more likely to be d rainage free than patients who had received only debridement, and this difference   approached statistical significance.

SKU: JSOA-1998-7-1-SU7 Categories: ,

Michael L. Maynor, MD; Richard E. Moon, MD; Enrico M. Camporesi, MD; Tom A. Fawcett, MD; Philip J. Fracica, MD; Helen C. Norvell, RN; L. Scott Levin, MD