Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Outcomes After Abdominal Organ Transplantation


This case control study retrospectively compares patients who underwent solid organ transplantation and total joint replacement with a control group that only underwent joint replacement. The study compares 42 transplant patients who underwent liver or kidney transplantation and total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to a matched group of 42 nontransplant patients who underwent only THA or TKA. The transplant cohort had significantly more complications (18) than the nontransplant cohort (7) (p D .022). Renal transplant patients had 6.75 times higher odds (95% CI, 1.318–34.565) of experiencing a complication compared with liver transplant patients. The average time between transplant and joint replacement was 2 š 4.9 years. Transplant patients undergoing joint arthroplasty at an average of 2 years posttransplant are at higher risk for complications than a matched cohort of patients undergoing only joint arthroplasty, with renal transplant patients being more at risk for complications than liver transplant patients. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 27(2):119–124, 2018)
Key words: arthroplasty, hip, kidney, knee, liver, transplant

SKU: JSOA-2018-27-2-S7 Categories: , Tags: , , , , ,

Neil L. Duplantier, MD; Amy E. Rivere, MD; Ari J. Cohen, MD ; and George F. Chimento, MD