The Dislocated Hip on CT Scan: An Argument for the Initial Pelvic Radiograph in Trauma Patients


This study evaluated the frequency in which a hip dislocation is first diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) scan. A retrospective review was conducted of orthopaedic trauma patients presenting with hip dislocation to a Level 1 trauma center over three years. We recorded whether the patient first received pelvic radiograph (PXR) or CT scan of the pelvis, if the patient underwent closed reduction of the hip prior to CT scan, and if repeat pelvis CT scan was done. Of 83 hip dislocations, 64 patients were sent to CT scanner dislocated; 19 patients first had PXR and underwent closed reduction of the hip prior to CT scan. By obtaining a PXR, reducing the hip prior to CT, the incidence of repeat CT scan decreased from 37% to 11% (p = 0.046). By diagnosing hip dislocation, reducing prior to CT scan, repeat scans can be reduced, thus decreasing cost and radiation exposure to patients. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 29(1):43-45, 2020) Keywords: hip dislocation, level 1 trauma, AP pelvis, pelvic x-ray, CT pelvis

SKU: JSOA-2020-29-1-S10 Categories: , Tags: , , , ,

John D. Adams, Jr., MD; Michael R. Koerner, MD; Catherine Long Williams, BS; Stephanie L. Tanner, MS; Michael S. Sridhar, MD; Thomas M. Schaller, MD; and Kyle J. Jeray, MD1