Quality Improvement Tools in Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review


Systems review and quality improvement (QI) is a significant need within orthopaedic surgery. The focus of this paper is to systematically review QI principles utilized in total joint arthroplasty to determine most successful QI tools. A systematic search on MEDLINE/Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library and other sources was conducted from September 1991 through October 2018. The three primary improved outcomes from each article were recorded along with the date, author and subspecialty. Thirty-four eligible studies related to joint arthroplasty were identified for inclusion in the systematic review. The most common outcomes that were improved in these publications were: length of stay (LOS), cost, medication management, and patient education. Lean, clinical care pathways (CCP), plan-do-check-act (PDCA), and shared decision-making improved those metrics. Four metrics were found that were consistently improved by certain quality improvement tools: LOS, cost, medication management, and patient education. Further research is warranted to continue to build a framework for quality improvement in orthopaedic surgery. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 30(3):125–130, 2021)

Key words: quality improvement, process optimization, arthroplasty, clinical care pathways (CCP), plan-do-check-act (PDCA), lean

Henry V. Bonner, BS; James R. Jones, BS; Alexandra M. Arguello, MD; Jun Kit He, MD; Brent A. Ponce, MD; Amit M. Momaya, MD; Elie S. Ghanem MD; and Eugene W. Brabston, MD